Livestock Price Insurance for calves is intended for calves born in the spring and sold in the fall and early new year. Producers can tailor coverage to their operation by purchasing price insurance for intended marketings from September to February.
Features of LPI Calf Price Insurance
|Eligible Animal Types||Beef heifers and steers|
|Purchase Availability||February – June|
|Policy Lengths||16 to 36 weeks|
|Coverage Level Range||95% – 75% of the expected forward price for each policy length|
|Minimum Weight Requirements||No weight minimums|
|Regional Settlement Indexes||Alberta – Settlement index based off Alberta markets
SaskMan – Settlement index based off Saskatchewan and Manitoba markets
|Data Collected for Coverage and Settlement Calculations based on||550-650 lb steers|
|Settlement Index Representative of||Average 600 lb steer|
|Claim Window||4 weeks*|
* Policies nearing the end of a blackout period are not guaranteed four weeks of claim. Producers can reference the Calendar of Insurance to ensure they select a policy with the appropriate claim window.
LPI – Calf program is market-driven, using several factors to forecast a future calf price. During the policy purchase period, coverage offered is calculated on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays using market data from each given day.
1. Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) Feeder Cattle Futures
The nearby-futures data for each policy length is used to calculate a forward U.S. price of feeder cattle.
2. Canadian Dollar
A forward-currency exchange is used to convert the forward U.S. feeder price into Canadian currency.
- The Canadian-valued forward price is adjusted for basis, which involves the historical, current, and future market conditions.
- The basis is calculated for the policies’ expiry week by comparing the average of the feeder cattle price settlement index over the last three years to the average of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange feeder cattle nearby futures during the previous three years.
- This calculation assumes the basis will eventually return to the three-year average but also takes into account the current cash-to-futures basis.
4. Feeder to Calf Spread
A spread is calculated by subtracting the feeder price from the calf price. The current spread is compared to the five-year-average spread for the policy length being purchased.
5. Barley Price
The current price of barley is compared to the five-year-average price of barley.
By taking into account each of these factors, producers have market-driven, forward-price coverage they can evaluate and use to help manage the risk of marketing calves in the fall.
The LPI-Calf program creates a settlement index based on weekly data collected from auction markets across western Canada. From this data, a settlement index is made publicly available on the following Monday (Tuesday when Monday is a statutory holiday).
The settlement index is representative of the average price of a 600 pound steer in any given week. The index is calculated by:
*Auction market sales data will not be disclosed due to contractual obligations.
Calf Purchase and Settlement Example
Example: Calf Purchase
Doug has 150 calves that he is going to Market in November, they will average 650lbs.
150 head*650lbs = 97,500lbs or 975cwt to insure.
Doug wants at least $2/lbs ($200/cwt). On February 18, 2020 LPI offered coverage of $218/cwt for a premium of $5.98/cwt. Doug is covered against a market decline into November of 600 lb steer calves falling below $218/cwt
$5.98/cwt*975cwt = $5,830.50 total premium
$5,830.50/150 head = $38.87/head
Example: Calf Settlement
Doug has coverage of $218/cwt on his calves for November 2, 2020. As Doug’s claim window draws near, he begins to watch the settlement indexes. During Doug’s four week claim window of October 12 – November 2; the settlement price dropped below his coverage price for all four weeks in his window. Doug felt prices would continue to come down during his window, so he decided to claim a portion of his policy on October 26 and let the remaining amount settle on November 2. If the settlements within his claim window were higher than his insured index of $218/cwt, there would be no payout.
|Date||Settlement / CWT|
Doug claimed half of his policy on October 26
$218/cwt – $197.58/cwt = $20.42
$20.42 * 487cwt = $9,944.54 indemnity payment
Doug left the other half of his policy to expire on November 2
$218/cwt – $196.99/cwt = $21.01
$21.01 * 488cwt = $10,252.88 indemnity payment