LPI – Fed is a market-driven program. Coverage offered directly reflects the fed cattle market.
Features of LPI – Fed Price Insurance
|Eligible Animal Types||Beef heifers and steers|
|Purchase Availability||Year Round*|
|Policy Lengths||12 to 36 weeks|
|Coverage Level Range||95% – 75% of the expected forward price for each policy length|
|Data Collected for Coverage and Settlement Calculations based on||1,000 lbs+ intended for slaughter and expected to grade A or better|
|Minimum Weight Requirements||No weight minimums|
|Claim Window||4 weeks**|
*With the exception of blackout period
**Policies nearing the end of a blackout period are not guaranteed four weeks of claim. Please reference the Calendar of Insurance to ensure you select a policy with the appropriate claim window.
Coverage is offered on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays using market data from each given day.
1. Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) Live Cattle Futures
Market driven futures data is used to calculate a forward U.S. price for each policy expiry date.
2. Canadian dollar
Forward currency exchange data is used to convert the forward U.S. price into Canadian currency.
- The Canadian valued-forward price is adjusted for basis which involves the historical, current, and future market conditions.
- The basis is calculated for the policy’s expiry week by comparing the five-year average fed settlement index to the five year average Canadianized CME live cattle nearby futures.
- This calculation assumes the basis will eventually return to the five-year average but also takes into account the current cash to futures basis.
By considering each of these factors, producers have market-driven, forward-price coverage to help manage the risk of finishing cattle.
The LPI – Fed program creates a settlement index based on weekly data collected from Canfax. Settlement prices are based on data collected from the previous week. The settlement values are published the following Monday afternoon (Tuesday when Monday falls on a statutory holiday).
The LPI – Fed program is not designed to insure quality or inter-provincial variations in price levels. While LPI is designed to reflect the actual markets of producers, insurance policies are not directly tied to the individual’s actual marketings or prices received.
The settlement represents an average weekly western Canadian price for finished cattle sold during the week, calculated by:
1. Using Canfax data to determine the settlement price for finished cattle in western Canada.
2. Other reasonable market sources may be used in the event there is not enough information to create a settlement index.
*Canfax data will not be disclosed due to contractual obligations
Using Canfax data of weekly fed cash cattle sales provides an accurate reflection of the western Canadian market conditions for the week.
Fed Purchase and Settlement Example
Example: Fed Purchase
Doug has fed 200 fat cattle to finish he is going to Market in April, they will average 1,350 lbs.
200 head x 1350 lbs = 270,000 lbs or 2,700 cwt to insure
Doug wants at least $1.50/lbs ($150/cwt). On December 19, 2019 LPI offered coverage of $156/cwt for a premium of $2.54/cwt. Doug does the math, he would be covered for $2,106/head at $156/cwt coverage.
$2.54/cwt premium x 2,700cwt insured weight = $6,858 total policy premium
$6,858.00 total policy premium /200 head = $34.29/head
Example: Fed Settlement
Doug has coverage of $156/cwt on his cattle for April 13, 2020 expiry. As Doug’s claim window draws near, he begins to watch the settlement indexes. During Doug’s four week claim window March 23 – April 13, the settlement price dropped below his coverage price for three out of the four weeks in his window. Doug felt prices would continue to come down during his window, so he decided to claim a portion of his policy on the first week March 23 and let the remaining amount settle on April 13. On the second week of Doug’s claim window, he was not in a payment position because the settlement index published was higher than his insured index.
|Date||Settlement / CWT|
Doug claimed a portion of his policy on March 23
$156/cwt coverage – $144.66/cwt settlement index = $11.34
$11.34 x 700 cwt insured weight = $7,938.00 indemnity payment
Doug left the rest of his policy to expire on April 13
$156/cwt coverage – $143.12/cwt settlement index = $12.88
$12.88 x 2,000 cwt insured weight = $25,760.00 indemnity payment